Elements of a good action plan: SMART + support


  1. Specific
    • Objectives need to be clear and detailed.
  2. Measurable
    • Results need to be measurable.
    • Outcomes must be what the person really wants.
    • Outcomes should produce tangible rewards.
  3. Agreement
    • The people who have to make it work need to agree to it.
  4. Realistic
    • The person has to believe it is possible to achieve. This will depend on:
      • The resource the person has I has access to.
      • The confidence the person has in themselves.
  5. Time-specific
    • Deadlines for achieving each stage should be set. The ultimate goal can also be given a deadline. These should be in the foreseeable future. Small enough to be handled. Large enough to show results.
  6. Supportive back-up
    • A helping relationship is useful for all stages of change and the details of what kind of support is on offer needs to be clearly spelled out.
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