Models of Teaching

 

Behaviourist model

SKILLS MODEL

Cognitive model

ACADEMIC MODEL

(information processing model)

Humanist model

EXPERIENTIAL MODEL

TEACHER CENTRED

STUDENT CENTRED

Students are passive recipients

Students are active adaptors

Students are active interpreters

Goals prescribed

External control

Imposed criteria of assessment

Subject matter and stage of development determines goals

Individual sets own goals

‘Internal’ control self-assessment against personalised criteria

Extrinsic motivation

Stimulus required (pre-determined by teacher)

S (teacher) – R (student)

Teacher provides reinforcement (incremental learning)

Intrinsic motivation

No stimulus required. Subject provides its own structures and procedures for learning

(holistic learning)

Intrinsic motivation

No stimulus required. Need to learn is innate and depends on natural curiosity

Self concept also developed through interaction with environment

Student dependent on teacher

Student subject to guided discovery

Student independent of teacher

Presentations by teacher (student passive)

Teacher provides organised opportunities for insight to occur (student active)

Teacher facilitates discovery (student active)

Learning

Deductive

Deductive & Inductive

Inductive

Individual learning

Individual learning

Individual and group learning

How knowledge is viewed in the classroom

Knowledge is finite

Knowledge structures are appropriate to students stage of development

Knowledge is infinite

 

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